New clinical trial studies stem cell transplant for primary immunodeficiency diseases

stem cell transplant

Stem cell transplant
Image source: NCI Visuals Online

Patients with a known deleterious genetic mutation in a gene identified in a primary immunodeficiency disease, or who have the phenotype of a primary immunodeficiency disease with life-threatening opportunistic infections or a viral-derived cancer, are eligible to participate in this clinical trial at the NIH Clinical Center.

Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs) are rare genetic disorders that impair the immune system. Dennis D. Hickstein, M.D., Senior Investigator in the Immune Deficiency Cellular Therapy Program is leading a study that uses new DNA technology that speeds up the process of screening for PIDs and finding an acceptable donor match for hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). The goal is to see if HSCT that uses donor cells is safe and can rebuild normal immune function in patients with PID. People who don’t have a functioning immune response can be subject to chronic, debilitating infections that can increase the risk of cancer. PIDs are hematologic diseases—disorders of the blood and the organs that form blood, such as bone marrow. HSCT is a recognized treatment for PIDs. Allogeneic HSCT uses blood or bone marrow from a healthy donor, usually a relative of the patient. To prevent the patient’s body from rejecting these “foreign” cells, the patient is first treated with high doses of chemotherapy, radiation and other drugs that destroy diseased cells and suppress any remaining immune response that could attack the donated cells. The patient then receives an infusion of new stem cells from a healthy donor to rebuild healthy blood and normal immunity.

Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT04339777

NCI Protocol ID: NCI-20-C-0070

Official Title: A Phase II Study of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant for Patients With Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases

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Summary Posted: Wed, 10/28/2020