Clinical trial researches CAR T-cell therapy for hairy cell leukemia

CAR T-cell therapy

Drawing of blood being removed from a vein in a patient’s arm to get T cells. Also shown is a special receptor called a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) being made in the laboratory; the gene for CAR is inserted into the T cells and then millions of CAR T cells are grown. Drawing also shows the CAR T cells being given to the patient by infusion and binding to antigens on the cancer cells and killing them.
Photo credit: NCI Visuals Online, Terese Winslow

Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a slow-growing cancer of the blood in which the bone marrow makes too many B cells, a type of white blood cell that fights infection. These excess B cells look abnormally “hairy” under a microscope. High-risk HCL and more aggressive variants respond poorly to chemotherapy, and people with high-risk HCL tend to have a poor prognosis. Robert J. Kreitman, M.D., Senior Investigator in the Laboratory of Molecular Biology, is leading a study to see whether CAR T-cell therapy impacts participants whose HCL has returned after treatment or no longer responds to standard treatments.

T cells are part of the immune system and are responsible for finding and destroying abnormal cells, including cancer cells. However, sometimes cancer cells find ways to hide from the immune system. CAR T-cell therapy is a way to program the immune system to attack cancer cells. T cells are collected from the blood of a patient with HCL and are genetically engineered to sprout chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) on their surfaces. Then these modified T cells are reinjected into the patient. Investigators want to find out if the CARs can help T cells do a better job of identifying and attacking HCL cells throughout the body and if giving escalating doses of CAR T cells is safe. identifier: NCT04815356

NCI Protocol ID: NCI-21-C-0019

Official Title: Phase I Study of Anti-CD22 Chimeric Receptor T Cells in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia and Variant

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Posted on Thu, 05/19/2022