Kilian E. Salerno, M.D.

Kilian E. Salerno, M.D.

  • Center for Cancer Research
  • National Cancer Institute
Radiation Oncology Branch


Dr. Kilian Salerno is a radiation oncologist with clinical and research interests in sarcoma, other rare tumors, breast, and gastrointestinal malignancies. She is an expert in the treatment and management of patients with soft tissue sarcoma and is actively engaged in clinical trial design to optimize advanced radiation therapy, improve outcomes, and mitigate treatment-related toxicities for patients. In addition, she is highly active in the development of radiation oncology clinical practice guidelines.

Areas of Expertise

Radiation Oncology
Soft Tissue And Bone Sarcoma
Rare Tumors
Breast Cancers
Gastrointestinal Cancers
Clinical Trials

Information for Patients

Learn more about the Radiation Oncology Prostate Cancer Clinical Research Team and clinical trials.


Research Nurse
Nurse Practitioner
Yoldy Dorisca, MSN


Selected Key Publications

Radiation Therapy for Treatment of Soft Tissue Sarcoma in Adults: Executive Summary of an ASTRO Clinical Practice Guideline

Kilian E Salerno, Kaled M Alektiar, Elizabeth H Baldini, Manpreet Bedi, Andrew J Bishop, Lisa Bradfield, Peter Chung, Thomas F DeLaney, Andrew Folpe, John M Kane, X Allen Li, Ivy Petersen, John Powell, Michael Stolten, Steven Thorpe, Jonathan C Trent, Maria Voermans, B Ashleigh Guadagnolo.
2021 Sep-Oct;11: 339-351, 2021.
Full-Text Article
[ Journal Article ]

Postmastectomy Radiotherapy: An American Society of Clinical Oncology, American Society for Radiation Oncology, and Society of Surgical Oncology Focused Guideline Update

Abram Recht, Elizabeth A Comen, Richard E Fine, Gini F Fleming, Patricia H Hardenbergh, Alice Y Ho, Clifford A Hudis, E Shelley Hwang, Jeffrey J Kirshner, Monica Morrow, Kilian E Salerno, George W Sledge Jr, Lawrence J Solin, Patricia A Spears, Timothy J Whelan, Mark R Somerfield, Stephen B Edge.
Journal of Clinical Oncology. 2016 Dec 20;34(36): 4431-4442, 2016.
Full-Text Article
[ Journal Article ]

Treatment Guidelines for Preoperative Radiation Therapy for Retroperitoneal Sarcoma: Preliminary Consensus of an International Expert Panel

Elizabeth H Baldini, Dian Wang, Rick L M Haas, Charles N Catton, Daniel J Indelicato, David G Kirsch, David Roberge, Kilian Salerno, Curtiland Deville, B Ashleigh Guadagnolo, Brian O'Sullivan, Ivy A Petersen, Cecile Le Pechoux, Ross A Abrams, Thomas F DeLaney.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics. 2015 Jul 1;92(3): 602-12, 2015.
Full-Text Article
[ Journal Article ]

Detection of failure patterns using advanced imaging in patients with biochemical recurrence following low-dose-rate brachytherapy for prostate cancer

Kilian E Salerno, Baris Turkbey, Liza Lindenberg, Esther Mena, Erica E Schott, Alexandra K Brennan, Soumyajit Roy, Uma Shankavaram, Krishnan Patel, Theresa Cooley-Zgela, Yolanda McKinney, Bradford J Wood, Peter A Pinto, Peter Choyke, Deborah E Citrin.
Brachytherapy. 2022 Jul-Aug;21(4): 442-450, 2022.
Full-Text Article
[ Journal Article ]

A Primer on Radiopharmaceutical Therapy

Kilian E Salerno, Soumyajit Roy, Cathy Ribaudo, Teresa Fisher, Ravi B Patel, Esther Mena, Freddy E Escorcia.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology * Biology * Physics. 2023 Jan 1;115(1): 48-59, 2023.
Full-Text Article
[ Journal Article ]