Anupama Khare, Ph.D.

Anupama Khare, Ph.D.
Investigator
Head, Systems Biology Unit
NIH Stadtman Investigator

The Khare Laboratory is interested in complex microbial behaviors, and utilizes quantitative genome-scale approaches to study the underlying mechanisms. Our main focus is to understand how different microbial species exist together in the same environmental niche, and what the molecular interactions in such communities are. We are also interested in studying antibiotic persistence, and identifying novel bacterial pathways that can be targeted for antimicrobial therapy.

Areas of Expertise
1) microbiology 2) genomics 3) microbial interactions 4) antibiotic persistence

Contact Info

Anupama Khare, Ph.D.
Center for Cancer Research
National Cancer Institute
Building 37, Room 5016
Bethesda, MD 20892
Ph: 240-760-6078
anupama.khare@nih.gov

The overarching goal of our research is to study complex bacterial behaviors and adaptation using genome-scale unbiased approaches, with the ultimate aim of combating microbial infections. Antibiotics have been one of the most critical cornerstones of modern medicine, but resistance to existing antibiotics is rapidly increasing, and very few new antibiotics are currently being developed, raising the possibility of a post-antibiotic era. One approach to developing new antimicrobial therapies is to identify novel genes that are crucial to microbial life and pathogenesis. These can be components of cellular networks that enable survival in natural environments, but not necessarily under standard laboratory conditions. We are investigating the molecular basis of microbial behaviors in more native habitats, to identify potential targets for novel antimicrobial therapies. Our major research directions are:

Microbial interactions

Microorganisms exist mostly in multispecies communities, and interactions between species can critically affect their fitness and evolutionary trajectories. Most studies on microbial interactions have focused on a single molecule of interest, and its potential effects on other species. However, a multispecies system is likely to consist of several dynamic interactions, and understanding such a system requires the identification of the entire breadth of interactions that actually impact fitness of the various species. Our lab aims to identify, characterize and target the molecular determinants of microbial fitness in diverse communities, including co-infections.

Antibiotic persistence

Non-inherited antibiotic persistence is a phenomenon where a small fraction of a bacterial population is able to survive exposure to an antibiotic even in the absence of a genetic mutation, and can reconstitute the population once the antibiotic is removed. Such persistence underlies the recurrence of infections caused by several human pathogens including bacteria, fungi and protozoa, and facilitates the development of antibiotic resistance. Our lab is interested in identifying genetic variation that can affect the levels of persistence in a bacterial population, and studying its clinical relevance.

Adaptation to native physiological challenges

Over the past few decades, we have made tremendous progress in elucidating the genetic and molecular basis of a variety of complex bacterial behaviors in the lab. However, our understanding of bacterial behaviors in their natural habitats is still limited. Our lab seeks to identify the genes and pathways that are important for microorganisms to thrive in their native ecological niches.

Fellowships

Candidates interested in a postdoctoral fellowship or postbaccalaureate training in our lab are encouraged to contact Dr. Khare directly at anupama.khare@nih.gov.

Scientific Focus Areas:
Genetics and Genomics, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Systems Biology

Selected Key Publications

  1. Khare A, Tavazoie S.
    PLoS Genetics. 11(12): e1005715, 2015. [ Journal Article ]
  2. Hottes AK*, Freddolino PL*, Khare A*, Donnell ZN, Liu JC, Tavazoie S.
    PLoS Genetics. 9(7): e1003617, 2013. [ Journal Article ]
  3. Khare A, Shaulsky, G.
    PLoS Genetics. 6(2): e1000854, 2010. [ Journal Article ]
  4. Khare A, Santorelli L, Strassmann J, Queller D, Kuspa A, Shaulsky G.
    Nature. 461: 980-982, 2009. [ Journal Article ]
  5. Khare A, Shaulsky, G.
    Nature Reviews Genetics. 7: 577-583, 2006. [ Journal Article ]

Dr. Anupama Khare received her Ph.D. from Baylor College of Medicine, where she studied mechanisms of cheating and cheater-resistance in the social amoeba Dictyostelium discoideum. She did her postdoctoral research first at Princeton University, and then Columbia University, studying complex microbial behaviors including interspecies interactions, and antibiotic persistence. Her research was supported in part by an NIH Pathway to Independence Award.

Dr. Khare joined the Laboratory of Molecular Biology at the Center for Cancer Research as a Stadtman Tenure Track Investigator in December 2017.

Position Number of Positions Contact E-mail Contact Name Contact Phone
Postdoctoral Fellow 1 anupama.khare@nih.gov Anupama Khare 240-760-6078
Name Position
Sara Alexander B.S. Postbaccalaureate Fellow (CRTA)
Ganesh Sundar Ph.D. Postdoctoral Fellow (CRTA)
Tiffany Zarrella Ph.D. Postdoctoral Fellow (CRTA)