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Jung-Hyun Park, Ph.D.
A. The role of cytokines in immune cell homeostasis under resting and immune activating conditions
Different cell populations occupy different niches for homeostasis. Hence, naive and memory T cells don't compete with each other for limiting resources such as pro-survival cytokines. Whether such niches are privileged sites even to immune activated cells is not clear. In fact, how naive and memory T cell homeostasis works under disease conditions, where large numbers of cells are activated and proliferating, remains to be unraveled. In a previous study (Immunity (2004) 21:289-302), we showed that inflammatory cytokines such as IL-2, IL-4 and IL-6 suppress the transcription and expression of IL-7 receptors. Furthermore, we predicted that such a mechanism would downregulate IL-7 receptor expression on activated T cells thus effectively removing them from the naive T cell pool and out of competition for IL-7-mediated survival signals. However, whether and how such T cell homeostasis is achieved is largely not known. In this regard, we are interested in investigating the underlying mechanism of homeostasis under immune activation circumstances, and we are approaching this issue by analyzing the survival and functional/phenotypic changes of both nave and memory T cells in tumor bearing animals and in different inflammatory models. Analyzing animals transgenic for specific survival cytokine receptors is another important part of our studies that will provide further clues on the role of cytokines in regulating homeostasis. We anticipate that using such animals in combination with cancer or inflammatory models will open new doors for understanding T cell homeostasis in diseases.
B. Regulatory mechanism of cytokine receptor expression and signaling during immune cell homeostasis and activation
Cytokine receptor expression is dynamically regulated during development and activation of the immune system. IL-7 downregulates transcription and expression of its own receptor, while other gamma c-chain cytokines such as IL-2 and IL-4 upregulate expression of their own receptors. We are investigating the biological implication of such distinct cytokine receptor regulation, in particular, with a focus on T cell homeostasis. Additionally, we are interested in the molecular mechanisms and intracellular signaling pathways that govern cytokine receptor expression. Most recently, we identified a novel nuclear factor involved in IL-7R transcription, and we confirmed its regulatory role in vivo. Investigations on the mechanism how such factors are regulated and how they affect T cell function is another major research topic of our lab.
This page was last updated on 11/25/2013.